Long Strangle is one of the delta neutral strategies
employed in a highly volatile stock. It usually involves buying Out of
The Money puts and calls options with the same expiration date and
underlying stock but at different strike prices.
= Long Call (Out of The Money) + Long Put (Out of The Money)
Outlook: With this stock option trading strategy, your outlook is directional neutral.
You are expecting an increase in volatility of the underlying stock moving in either direction.
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Risk and Reward
Maximum Reward :
Advantages and Disadvantages
Exiting the Trade
Long Strangle Example
Assumption: XYZ is trading at $25.85 a share on Mar 20X1. The full year earning announcement for the company is about to be made. You are expecting share price of XYZ to soar up or plummet down once the announcement is out. However the cost of At The Money puts and calls options are too high for you. In this case, you may consider to buy one Jun 20X1 $30 strike call at $0.70 and buy one Jun 20X1 $20 strike put at $0.50 to profit from the volatile outlook of the stock. Note: commissions are NOT taken into account in the calculation.
Analysis of Long Strangle Example
= Limited to the Net Premium Paid
= ($0.70 + $0.50) * 100 = $120
= Potentially unlimited beyond the upside and downside breakeven point of the underlying stock.
= Strike Price Plus Net Premium Paid
= $30 + $1.20 = $31.20
= Strike Price Less Net Premium Paid
= $20 - $1.20 = $18.80
This is a slight adjustment to the Long Straddle strategy to make it less expensive. You just need to buy an equal number of puts and calls options of the same expiration date but with different strike prices so that you can make a profit whether the stock move up or down. The good point is you don’t care which direction it move, as long as it moves sharply in either directions.
For this strategy to be profitable, a rise in the call options value must be able to exceed the fall in the put options value. Or a rise in the put options value must be able to exceed the decline in the call options value. A Long Strangle can be executed at any combinations of strike prices but is typically established at the mid point of strike price near At The Money option.
Try to ensure that the implied volatility of the selected stock is currently very low, giving you low option prices, but the stock is about to make an explosively move, just that you are not sure in which direction.
This is a net debit trade as you are paying the premium for both the puts and calls options.
Remembering that the last month of an option’s life has the greatest amount of time value erosion occurring.
Therefore it is preferably to use this option trading strategy with at least 3 months left to expiration so as to give yourself more time to be right.
This option strategy is typically a bet on the volatility expansion. Verdict of law suit, product announcement, earning or economic reports do have a tendency to move the stock price sharply up or down. Some traders prefer to purchase the strangle at a time of low volatility before the announcement and sell at a time of high volatility after the announcement.
Whether to use a Long Straddle or Long Strangle is typically a
judgment call between lower cost and probability of stock making the
explosive move up or down. You should pick the strike price and time
frame of the strategy according to your risk/reward tolerance and
forecast outlook of the underlying stock. Having the patient to wait, knowledge to apply and discipline to follow through the option trading strategies with appropriate risk-reward parameters is important to your long term success in option trading.
Short Iron Condor
Next go to another volatility strategy, Short Call Butterfly, to learn how profit can be make from a volatile stock.
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