Bear Put Spread
Direction: Bearish

Strategy Description

Bear Put Spread is one of the vertical spread option trading strategies. It usually involves buying at the money put options and selling out of the money put options with the same expiration date. It is also known as Long Put Spread or Put Debit Spread

Bear Put Spread = Long Put (At a higher strike) + Short Put (At a lower strike)



Outlook
: With this stock option trading strategy, your outlook is moderately bearish.

You are expecting a mildly drop in the underlying stock price.


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Risk and Reward

Maximum Risk:

  • Limited to the amount of net premium paid for the this spread (May loss 100% of amount invested in this option trading strategy)

Maximum Reward :

  • Limited to the Different in Strike Price of the put options Less Net Premium Paid for the spread.

Breakeven :

  • Higher Strike Price of the put options Less Net Premium Paid

Net Position:

  • This is a net debit spread as you buy a higher strike put (pay higher premium) and sell a lower strike put (collect lower premium) of the same expiration date.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages:

  • Risk of losses is limited to the net premium paid. (Although still 100% loss on amount invested if the strike price, expiration date or underlying stock are badly chosen.)
  • Reduce the cost and breakeven of a bearish trade as compare to buying a put option outright.
  • Exit strategy is determined in advance when placing the spread.

Disadvantages:

  • Profit potential is limited to the Lower strike put sold if the underlying stock price falls.
  • Maximum profit arises only if the underlying stock falls to the lower of the 2 strike price selected.

Exiting the Trade

  • Simply offset the spread by buying back the put options that you sold and selling the put options that you have bought in the first place.
  • As the underlying stock fluctuate up and down, advance option traders may choose to unravel the spread leg by leg. In this way, the trader will leave one leg of the spread exposed while he profit from the closure of the other leg.

Bear Put Spread Example

Assumption: XYZ is trading at $69.40 a share on Mar 20X1. You are expecting share price of XYZ to fall mildly. The option premium for the At The Money put is relatively high for you. In this case, you may consider to buy one Jun 20X1 $70 strike put at $5.50 and sell one Jun 20X1 $65 strike put at $3.35 to lower the amount of premium payable and profit from the moderately bearish outlook of the stock. Note: commissions are NOT taken into account in the calculation.

Bear Put Spread Example
Bear Put Spread Options Strategies

Analysis of Bear Put Spread Example

Maximum Risk = Net Premium Paid = ($5.50 - $3.35) * 100 = $215
Maximum Reward = Difference in Strike Price Less Net Premium Paid = ($70 - $65) * 100 - $215 = $285.
Breakeven = Higher Strike Price of the put options Less Net Premium Paid = $70 - $2.15 = $67.85

This is a vertical spread strategy that creates a net debit position in your account. When you entered into this spread, you are moderately bearish on the underlying stock and are looking for a way to profit from a bearish move at a reasonable cost. This is because if a trader is very bearish, he would have bought a put option outright and gain a potentially unlimited profit.

The net effect of using this options strategy is to lower the cost and breakeven of the trade compare to buying a put option outright. The bought leg of the spread gives you the leverage. The short leg of the spread reduces your cost and increase the leverage, though at the expense of capping the maximum profit.

Try to ensure that the underlying stock is in a downward trend and trade within a limited range of stock prices when you are using this strategy.

Identify a clear area of resistance.

It is preferably to trade this option trading strategy with at least 3 months to expiration so as to give yourself more time to be right. Use the same expiration date for both legs of the puts.


There are literally thousands of Bear Put Spread combinations available. Each has its own unique risk, reward, time frames, volatilities characteristics and probabilities of success. You should pick the strike price and time frame of the spread according to your risk profile and forecast. Selecting the option trading strategies with appropriate risk-reward parameters is important to your long term success in trading spread.


Related Strategies

Bear Call Spread Bull Put Spread Short Iron Condor
Bear Call Spread
  • Bearish Strategy
  • Limited Risk
  • Limited Profit
  • Credit Trade
  • Same risk profile as Bear Put Spread
  • Short Call + Long Call
Bull Put Spread
  • Bullish Strategy
  • Limited Risk
  • Limited Profit
  • Credit Trade
  • Opposite risk profile of Bear Put Spread
  • Short Put + Long Put
Short Iron Condor
  • Volatility Strategy
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  • Limited Profit
  • Debit Trade
  • Bear Put Spread + Bull Call Spread