Bear Call Spread is one of the vertical spread option trading strategies. It usually involves selling a call option and buying a higher strike call with the same expiration date. It is also known as Short Call Spread or Call Credit Spread
Outlook: With this stock option trading strategy, your outlook is bearish to neutral.
You are expecting a mildly drop in the underlying stock price and/or volatility
Risk and Reward
Maximum Reward :
Advantages and Disadvantages
Exiting the Trade
Bear Call Spread Example
Assumption: XYZ is trading at $84.90 a share on Mar 20X1. You are expecting share price of XYZ to fall or at least moving sideway. However, you do not wish to trade a naked call strategy due to the unlimited risk exposure involved. In this case, you may consider to sell one Apr 20X1 $90 strike call at $3.00 and buy one Apr 20X1 $95 strike call at $1.60 to profit from the bearish to neutral outlook of the stock. Note: commissions are NOT taken into account in the calculation.
Analysis of Bear Call Spread Example
Maximum Risk = Difference in Strike Price Less Net Premium Collected = ($95 - $90) * 100 - $140 = $360
Maximum Reward = Net Premium Collected = ($3.00 - $1.60) * 100 = $140.
Breakeven = Lower Strike Price of the call options Plus Net Premium Collected = $90 + $1.40 = $91.40
Bear Call Spread is a vertical spread strategy that creates a net credit position in your account. When you entered into this spread, you are moderately bearish on the underlying stock and are looking for a way to earn income from the bearish outlook while limiting the risk exposed.
It usually involves selling out of the money call options and buying further out of the money call options with the same expiration date. The sold calls will produce the income element for the trade and the bought calls will have the effect of limiting your risk exposed.
Try to ensure that the underlying stock is in a downward trend or trade within a limited range of stock prices when you are using this strategy. Identify a clear area of resistance.
Remembering that the last month of an option’s life has the greatest amount of time value erosion occurring.
Therefore it is preferably to use this option trading strategy on a short term basis with about 1 month left to expiration so as to give yourself less time to be wrong. Use the same expiration date for both legs of the call.
There are literally thousands of Bear Call Spread combinations available. Each has its own unique risk, reward, time frames, volatilities characteristics and probabilities of success. You should pick the combination of the spread according to your risk/reward tolerance and forecast outlook of the underlying stock. Selecting the option trading strategies with appropriate risk-reward parameters is important to your long term success in trading spread.
Bear Put Spread
Bull Call Spread
Short Call Condor